Charcoal from Indonesia – The natural resource in the form of oil palm that thrives in Indonesia is constantly being researched and developed for its use. Roots, stems, leaves, fruits, and flowers are used in human life, but they are still being studied to optimize their use. For example, coconut fiber, which sometimes remains as a residue that can only be burned, can be optimized for use in charcoal that is formed into briquettes.
Charcoal and briquettes are materials obtained by partial combustion or carbonization (destructive distillation) of organic matter. This is usually pure carbon. The ingress of air during the carbonization process is controlled so that the organic matter does not turn into ash, as in conventional fires, but decomposes into charcoal. The properties of coal products (lumps, briquettes, or extrusion molds) differ greatly from product to product. Therefore, it is a common misconception to stereotype any type of coal, e.g. which one is hotter, etc.
Interesting Packaging of Charcoal Briquette Indonesia to Keep The Quality
Charcoal briquette from Indonesia is sometimes packaged in bags, baskets, or in rolls. However, they are usually shipped in bulk. The coal is packed in a cardboard box, but sometimes there is also coal that is only packed in jute bags, so this coal is put in a tall cube container before being loaded on a ship that takes it to the destination of this country. coal exports.
Until now, charcoal briquettes have been used by the community for domestic, commercial, and industrial purposes. Compared to charcoal, briquettes are simpler and cleaner, so people are more interested in using them. In this research, the production of charcoal briquettes from coconut shells with wheat flour as glue was investigated. The particle size of the coal and the concentration of the glue have a major influence on the quality of the produced briquettes.
Charcoal powder is mixed with glue in various concentrations, then shaped and baked. Using a 1:1 ratio of carbon weight to adhesive volume, the results obtained were quite good with a carbon particle size of 40 mesh and adhesive concentration of 3%. In this condition, briquettes were obtained having a moisture content of 1.71%, an ash content of 1.5%, and a burning rate of 0.054 grams/minute.
The Process of Making Coconut Shell Charcoal Briquettes
Carbonization process Manual operation of the vessels:
- Place the coconut husk in the vessel.
- Then bake in closed condition until there are only small holes in the coal barrel.
Pyrolysis Carbonization Method
- Place the coconut husk in a closed pyrolysis tank.
- Clouds of smoke also condense into liquid smoke.
- Flouring, charcoal burned manually, or using a pyrolysis process are then pulverized with a disc mill.
- In the filtration process, after going through the coal grinding process, filtration is performed to produce the coconut coal with a softer and smoother size. The trick is to filter with a 50 mesh strainer.
- In the mixing medium, the flattened coconut husk flour is then mixed with water and starch glue with a dose of starch glue up to 2.5% of the coconut husk flour.
- Forming the coconut briquette, After mixing all the ingredients well and the forming process using a forming machine.
- Drying, the latter is drying the briquettes printed with an oven at 650 degrees C for about 2 hours, this drying can also use direct sunlight.
This is the end of the article that discusses the process of making coconut shell charcoal briquettes and how to light charcoal briquettes for cooking or baking food. I hope the information provided is easy to understand and helpful to the readers, thank you.